常见的洗钱方法

常见的洗钱方法有:

  • 旅行支票:海关会对于通关者携带的现金要求申报,未申报者超过限制者没收,但不会对携带旅行支票者做金额的限制,重点在于无背书转让给第三者,因为支票被存入银行兑现,最终会回到原发票人的手中。
  • 在赌场以代币间接兑换:在赌场中兑换成代币,再将代币直接交付给洗钱的受益人。再由他去将代币兑换回现金(通常需要5%左右的手续费),在外可声称在赌场内赌赢的。这样可以避免透过纸钞上的编号直接追查到洗钱的受益人。常用于各国可将代币兑换回现金的职业赌场。
  • 购买已经中奖的彩票或马票:与银行勾结,以高价向得主私下购买已得奖的票券,并公开兑换。
  • 购买无记名债券或期货
  • 购买古董珠宝或具价值收藏品、高价中古精品:利用低买高卖的假买卖,将钱以合法的交易方式,洗到目的账号。此方式亦常用于收贿的收钱方式;或购买具价值的古董珠宝或收藏品,再讹称为自家收藏品在市场上放售,一般会购买没有记号的物品如文物、邮票或历史悠久的名厂乐器。或私下购买多部名车,中古私人飞机,珠宝名牌等高价值物转售。
  • 纸上公司的假买卖:用空壳、信用不良、股份公司做假交易、股票投资、偿还债务等方式洗钱。
  • 购买保险:将大笔金额投保,期间亦可不断提升保金,转换保险计划,待一定年数后取回,届时可疑的因素已遭淡化。
  • 基金会:不肖政客,成立基金会,假捐赠给基金会,诱骗企业捐款,再掏空。企业或财团,利用假捐赠给自己能掌控的基金会,左手搬钱到右手,逃漏所得税。政客或企业利用赈灾名义募款,可是募到的善款私自挪用,或用各种名目扣住善款于私人户头。在跨国洗钱活动中,以各地不同慈善名义的基金会中互相转换款额。
  • 跨国多次转汇与结清旧账户:利用转汇的相关单据有保存期限的漏洞。
  • 直接跨国搬运:利用专机或具有海关免验的身份者,直接把钱搬到外国,常用100美元的纸钞方式运送。
  • 人头账户:由于最怕黑吃黑,怕人头到银行声称存折与提款卡与印章丢失,另行申请新的存折与提款卡并变更印鉴,进行盗领。所以通常用于人头本身所不知的外国开户。
  • 外币活存账户:使用多次小额存款的方式存入,再到外国提领外币。俗称“蚂蚁搬砖”,常配合“人头账户”使用。
  • 跨国交易:常见于无实体商品的产业。利用交易金额造假灌水的方式,先透过合法的方式将金钱汇往外国掮客的账户,再通过外国账户分钱,分清原本的交易金额、掮客的佣金与原本要洗出去的钱;或利用各地的商品贸易,例如以过高金额购买普通消费品,将大量款项汇到国外账户,装作用以支付买货款项。反过来亦可将商品高价出售,让国外的洗钱伙伴将款项汇进国内。
  • 地下汇兑:常见于不肖的卖珠宝金饰的银楼。除了非法兑换外币以外,甚至可将现金兑换为外国的无记名与背书的支票,供客户至外国的账户存入。
  • 跨国企业的资金调度:常见于金融业,银行或保险业等,常以大批的现金纸钞进行跨国搬运。例如以麻绳捆绑、纸箱方式搬运。
  • 百货公司的礼券:具有高度的流通性,但由于具有不易兑换回现金的特性,故需有一定的人脉,才方便消化礼券。例如转卖给各公司的员工福利机构,将礼券做为其各公司员工的节假日奖金方式发放。就这样把礼券洗到不知情的第三者手中,原礼券持有人则取回接近等值的现金。
  • 人头炒楼:使用人头购买房地产,向承包商或开发商以市价五至七折买入,以现金支付。然后在短期内快速脱手(例如预售屋在交屋前),获利约50%-100%。
  • 假借贷:常用于收贿或贪污。收钱的人持有对方开立的远期兑现的本票或支票。即使被查到这张本票或支票,可声称为借贷关系。等风头过了或不在其位,没有明显的对价关系时,再把本票或支票转手给第三者,或是扎进银行兑现。或是贪污被揭发的人说要还钱,但开立本票或支票,只要没有兑现,就没有真正的还钱。
  • 伪币或伪钞:将伪币或伪钞,通过多次小金额消费行为,或是利用自动贩卖机找零行为,或是纸钞兑换成硬币的机器。将伪币或伪钞洗成真钱。
  • 黑道:购入价值的毒品贩毒、地下枪械等。将赃款转嫁给他人。
  • 比特币(Bitcoin)等加密货币:基于比特币等加密货币的匿名性,且可自由、不记名的产生不同的比特币钱包,搭配混币服务,难以追踪真实身份,是近年来常见的洗钱工具。
  • 第三方或者第四方支付平台:部分第三方支付平台存在账户未实名注册、管理不规范等问题,致使一些账号可以在网络上直接买卖,部分平台沦为电信诈骗团伙套取、漂白非法资金的“绿色通道”。诈骗团伙利用第三方支付平台转移赃款和洗钱的手段一般有3种:通过第三方支付平台发行的商户POS机虚构交易套现;将诈骗得手的资金转移到第三方支付平台账户,在线购买游戏点卡、比特币等物品后转卖套现;将赃款在银行账户和第三方支付平台之间多次转账切换,逃避公安追查。

禁用software_reporter_tool.exe 解决CPU高占用率的问题

今天开机后,从几分钟到半个小时之间,感觉机器反应有些慢,发现CPU占用80-90%。查看任务管理器,

有一个 software_reporter_tool.exe 的程序占用了一半的CPU使用率。 转到文件所在文件夹查看,发现是 Google Chrome 使用的一个文件。

查询该文件,发现 software_reporter_tool.exe  会扫描系统,类似
Chrome 的一个计划任务,每周启动扫描 一次,运行大约20-25分钟。它会扫描
Google Chrome 浏览器 未能正常运行的程序问题,比如多次未正常关闭
Chrome ,或某些恶意软件或应用程序导致Chrome浏览器运行中出现错误,它就会扫面检查问题通知你并删除该受感染程序。

简单来说,Software Reporter Tool Chrome 清理报告工具 ,  帮助维持Google Chrome正常运行。但是效率上的低下,让我感觉到系统延迟,要想办法让他以后停止执行。

文件位置:  C:\ Users \ {您的用户名} \ AppData \ Local \ Google \ Chrome \用户数据\ SwReporter \ {版本号}\ software_reporter_tool.exe 

网上看到方法是,修改 Chrome 设置,“ 将使用情况统计信息和崩溃报告自动发送给 Google ”的选项关闭,我看了我的设置本身就是关闭的。解决无效,然后自己找到了用最简单的方法,
C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\SwReporter\36.184.200 下编辑 manifest.json文件:

“allow-reporter-logs”: true 修改为 “allow-reporter-logs”: false

这样它会自己停止运行,并且下次不再启动。

CentOS Install .NET Core

.NET Tutorial – Hello World in 10 minutes

https://www.microsoft.com/net/learn/get-started-with-dotnet-tutorial

Add the dotnet product feed

Before installing .NET, you’ll need to register the Microsoft key, register the product repository, and install required dependencies. This only needs to be done once per machine.

Open a command prompt and run the following commands:

sudo rpm -Uvh https://packages.microsoft.com/config/rhel/7/packages-microsoft-prod.rpm

Install .NET Core SDK on Linux CentOS / Oracle

https://www.microsoft.com/net/download/linux-package-manager/centos/sdk-current

sudo yum update
sudo yum install dotnet-sdk-2.1

Install .NET Core Runtime on Linux CentOS / Oracle

https://www.microsoft.com/net/download/linux-package-manager/centos/runtime-current

sudo yum update
sudo yum install aspnetcore-runtime-2.1

穆斯林黑客在行动

9-21日,在.TD域名的管理机构,www.nic.td 查询域名时 ,发现有条不显眼的标题 “HaCkEd by CrashBandicot”。

一个国家顶级域名的管理机构被入侵,很显然,还是让人感觉不错的~  。。。

www.nic.td-HaCkEd by CrashBandicot

 

顺便在 Bing 查下这 “HaCkEd by CrashBandicot”。 还查到不少被他们改页面的站点。

 

www.aleppowater.gov.sy-Hacked by crashbandicot

这个就是地处主要战场的阿勒颇,阿勒颇的水x局?! 我宁可相信这是域名劫持, 很难相信叙利亚一个政府网站会放在一个美国主机

http://as32.net/dns/?doquery=1&question=www.aleppowater.gov.sy&type=A&server=8.8.8.8&port=53

www.aleppowater.gov.sy has IPv4 address: 66.63.181.105(美国加利福尼亚州洛杉矶QuadraNet网络公司)

下面这个图文声色,做工精美,特别是背景音乐还是不错的。(MP3: http://www.4shared.com/embed/412420232/f5ca175c

paintersadelaide.net-Hacked by crashbandicot

 

http://as32.net/dns/?doquery=1&question=paintersadelaide.net&type=A&server=8.8.8.8&port=53

paintersadelaide.net has IPv4 address: 103.9.169.121(澳大利亚)

“CrashBandicot”应该是中东的穆斯林黑客团体(Muslim Hacker )所为,更具体可能为巴勒斯坦或亲叙利亚政府的黑客,他们标榜和宣扬自己的muslim hacker身份,并为此自豪。看到一个留有网站“crash-bandicot.co.cc”, 但是无内容。

Bing | Google 一下,还有不少:

www.aru-edu.comkasbah-sable-dor.networld-of-empathy.orgwww.cadumotos.com.br

。。。 。。。

。。。

竟然还有一中国政府网站 bm.ml.gov.cn , 这个应该是注入进入的,没改首页藏的很深。

最后在 http://evuln.com/labs/hackedby/1882/ 看到一个清单:

eVuln Labs. The list of websites with the following signature:

# Hacked By CrashBandicot #

Discovered Website Hoster
2013-07-25 ***osalvomendes.com.br
2013-06-16 ***osalvomendes.com.br dialhost.com.br
2013-01-15 ***ordios.com
2013-01-12 ***ld-of-empathy.org ispfr.net
2013-01-10 ***internacional.com smart-hosts.net
2013-01-06 ***theredge.com weatheredge.com
2013-01-03 ***ehpraise.com
2012-12-24 ***juvenilalianzacri stiana.org smart-hosts.net
2012-12-24 ***bridgeconstructio n.co.uk justhost.com
2012-12-24 ***ica.fr kundenserver.de
2012-12-19 ***kmakerenemy.com bookmakerenemy.com
2012-12-19 ***hura.org lunarpages.com
2012-12-19 ***-account.com
2012-12-18 ***ejan.com ispfr.net
2012-12-18 ***ionalachieverscon gressbonus.com justhost.com
2012-12-18 ***ear.net cluster010.ovh.net
2012-12-18 ***webblog.com
2012-12-18 ***imuktaxback.com justhost.com
2012-12-18 ***klascoop.net
2012-12-18 ***thingvillage.com extendcp.co.uk
2012-12-18 ***dengarage.co.uk justhost.com
2012-12-18 ***fitswebdesign.co.uk justhost.com
2012-12-18 ***hatvnova.com
2012-12-18 ***aciznatury.com justhost.com
2012-12-18 ***ances-privees.com
2012-12-18 ***skiprawniklondyn. co.uk justhost.com
Total 27 websites

看了 eVuln Lab 的统计列表,才知道 “CrashBandicot” 只是个小喽啰。 大神是 “AnonGhost”,有自己公开的网站www.anonghost.com ,以反以著称。

Latest most active defacers.

Websites defaced Signature
1295 HaCked by AnonGhost
747 Hacked By International Force
678 Hacked By Dark Knight Sparda
563 Hacked By ReZK2LL Team
202 HACKED BY KRAD XIN
100 Hacked By #  brkod # aLsha67
88 ҳ̸Ҳ̸ҳ  Hacked By Maniak k4sur ҳ̸Ҳ̸ҳ
84 Hacked By.White Hat
83 Hacked By Afghan Cyber
72 Hacked By RooT HaXor
68 .:: Hacked By : T3RMiNaL
63 Hacked By Afghan Cyber  Army
62 HacKed By Jack Riderr [ Johor Hacking Crew ]
62 hacked by saif ule est, web sniper, saif ule est
52 HackeD By h4x0r HuSsY
47 hacked by VIRTUAL
35 hacked by Sa-Dz
34 Hacked by Kosova Warriors Group
32 Hacked By Lionel MajDii
30 HackeD By Crack kid
29 Hacked by Panda Dot ID
28 Hacked by Dr.SaFa7 & Shi6an 7rb kuwait hackers
26 —==[ Hacked By ALFA TEaM ]==—
23 Hacked by Krad Xin RSS Feed
23 Hacked By 3xp1r3 Cr4Ck
20 Hacked by LORDOFDARKNES
14 Hacked by WaRLoCK
13 hacked by w7sh.syria
13 Hacked by Hank Sandlep
13  Hacked By .. brkod
11 hacked by Amirh03in
10 Hacked By NightMare
10 Hacked by xLitleonZ

 

HaCked by AnonGhost 的“作品”赏析:

www.enarmoniapictures.it-HaCked by AnonGhost

forum.pctime.com.tr-HaCked by AnonGhost

playmee.tv ,

radical-youth.com ,

willthisgo.com ,

www.xiwang.com.pk

等等 。。。 。。。 (Bing 、 Google 自己搜吧)

 

文件大小换算

1 Mio file = 1 mebioctet* = 220 octets = 1,024 Kio = 1,048,576 octets
10 Mio file = 10 mebioctet = 10 x 220 octets = 10,240 Kio = 10,485,760 octets
100 Mio file = 100 mebioctet = 100 x 220 octets = 102,400 Kio = 104,857,600 octets
1 Gio file = 1 gibioctet = 230 octets = 1,024 Mio = 1,073,741,824 octets
10 Gio file = 10 gibioctet = 10 x 230 octets = 10,240 Mio = 10,737,418,240 octets

1 Mbit file = 1 megabit = 106 bits = 1,000 kbit = 1,000,000 bits
10 Mbit file = 10 megabit = 107 bits = 10,000 kbit = 10,000,000 bits
100 Mbit file = 100 megabit = 108 bits = 100,000 kbit = 100,000,000 bits
1 Gbit file = 1 gigabit = 109 bits = 1,000 Mbit = 1,000,000,000 bits
10 Gbit file = 10 gigabit = 1010 bits = 10,000 Mbit = 10,000,000,000 bits

 

IANA IPv4 地址空间注册表

IANA IPv4 Address Space Registry

Last Updated
2013-03-22
Description
The allocation of Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address space to various registries is listed
here. Originally, all the IPv4 address spaces was managed directly by the IANA. Later parts of the
address space were allocated to various other registries to manage for particular purposes or
regional areas of the world. RFC 1466 [RFC1466] documents most of these allocations.

This registry is also available in plain text.

Prefix Designation Date Whois Status [1] Note
000/8 IANA – Local Identification 1981-09 RESERVED [2]
001/8 APNIC 2010-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
002/8 RIPE NCC 2009-09 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
003/8 General Electric Company 1994-05 LEGACY
004/8 Level 3 Communications, Inc. 1992-12 LEGACY
005/8 RIPE NCC 2010-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
006/8 Army Information Systems Center 1994-02 LEGACY
007/8 Administered by ARIN 1995-04 whois.arin.net LEGACY
008/8 Level 3 Communications, Inc. 1992-12 LEGACY
009/8 IBM 1992-08 LEGACY
010/8 IANA – Private Use 1995-06 RESERVED [3]
011/8 DoD Intel Information Systems 1993-05 LEGACY
012/8 AT&T Bell Laboratories 1995-06 LEGACY
013/8 Xerox Corporation 1991-09 LEGACY
014/8 APNIC 2010-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED [4]
015/8 Hewlett-Packard Company 1994-07 LEGACY
016/8 Digital Equipment Corporation 1994-11 LEGACY
017/8 Apple Computer Inc. 1992-07 LEGACY
018/8 MIT 1994-01 LEGACY
019/8 Ford Motor Company 1995-05 LEGACY
020/8 Computer Sciences Corporation 1994-10 LEGACY
021/8 DDN-RVN 1991-07 LEGACY
022/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1993-05 LEGACY
023/8 ARIN 2010-11 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
024/8 ARIN 2001-05 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
025/8 UK Ministry of Defence 1995-01 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
026/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1995-05 LEGACY
027/8 APNIC 2010-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
028/8 DSI-North 1992-07 LEGACY
029/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1991-07 LEGACY
030/8 Defense Information Systems Agency 1991-07 LEGACY
031/8 RIPE NCC 2010-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
032/8 AT&T Global Network Services 1994-06 LEGACY
033/8 DLA Systems Automation Center 1991-01 LEGACY
034/8 Halliburton Company 1993-03 LEGACY
035/8 Administered by ARIN 1994-04 whois.arin.net LEGACY
036/8 APNIC 2010-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
037/8 RIPE NCC 2010-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
038/8 PSINet, Inc. 1994-09 LEGACY
039/8 APNIC 2011-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
040/8 Administered by ARIN 1994-06 whois.arin.net LEGACY
041/8 AFRINIC 2005-04 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
042/8 APNIC 2010-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
043/8 Administered by APNIC 1991-01 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
044/8 Amateur Radio Digital Communications 1992-07 LEGACY
045/8 Administered by ARIN 1995-01 whois.arin.net LEGACY
046/8 RIPE NCC 2009-09 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
047/8 Administered by ARIN 1991-01 whois.arin.net LEGACY
048/8 Prudential Securities Inc. 1995-05 LEGACY
049/8 APNIC 2010-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
050/8 ARIN 2010-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
051/8 UK Government Department for Work and Pensions 1994-08 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
052/8 E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co., Inc. 1991-12 LEGACY
053/8 Cap Debis CCS 1993-10 LEGACY
054/8 Administered by ARIN 1992-03 whois.arin.net LEGACY
055/8 DoD Network Information Center 1995-04 LEGACY
056/8 US Postal Service 1994-06 LEGACY
057/8 SITA 1995-05 LEGACY
058/8 APNIC 2004-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
059/8 APNIC 2004-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
060/8 APNIC 2003-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
061/8 APNIC 1997-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
062/8 RIPE NCC 1997-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
063/8 ARIN 1997-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
064/8 ARIN 1999-07 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
065/8 ARIN 2000-07 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
066/8 ARIN 2000-07 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
067/8 ARIN 2001-05 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
068/8 ARIN 2001-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
069/8 ARIN 2002-08 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
070/8 ARIN 2004-01 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
071/8 ARIN 2004-08 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
072/8 ARIN 2004-08 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
073/8 ARIN 2005-03 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
074/8 ARIN 2005-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
075/8 ARIN 2005-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
076/8 ARIN 2005-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
077/8 RIPE NCC 2006-08 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
078/8 RIPE NCC 2006-08 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
079/8 RIPE NCC 2006-08 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
080/8 RIPE NCC 2001-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
081/8 RIPE NCC 2001-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
082/8 RIPE NCC 2002-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
083/8 RIPE NCC 2003-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
084/8 RIPE NCC 2003-11 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
085/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
086/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
087/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
088/8 RIPE NCC 2004-04 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
089/8 RIPE NCC 2005-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
090/8 RIPE NCC 2005-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
091/8 RIPE NCC 2005-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
092/8 RIPE NCC 2007-03 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
093/8 RIPE NCC 2007-03 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
094/8 RIPE NCC 2007-07 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
095/8 RIPE NCC 2007-07 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
096/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
097/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
098/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
099/8 ARIN 2006-10 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
100/8 ARIN 2010-11 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED [5]
101/8 APNIC 2010-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
102/8 AFRINIC 2011-02 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
103/8 APNIC 2011-02 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
104/8 ARIN 2011-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
105/8 AFRINIC 2010-11 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
106/8 APNIC 2011-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
107/8 ARIN 2010-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
108/8 ARIN 2008-12 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
109/8 RIPE NCC 2009-01 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
110/8 APNIC 2008-11 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
111/8 APNIC 2008-11 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
112/8 APNIC 2008-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
113/8 APNIC 2008-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
114/8 APNIC 2007-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
115/8 APNIC 2007-10 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
116/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
117/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
118/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
119/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
120/8 APNIC 2007-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
121/8 APNIC 2006-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
122/8 APNIC 2006-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
123/8 APNIC 2006-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
124/8 APNIC 2005-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
125/8 APNIC 2005-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
126/8 APNIC 2005-01 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
127/8 IANA – Loopback 1981-09 RESERVED [6]
128/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
129/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
130/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
131/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
132/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
133/8 Administered by APNIC 1997-03 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
134/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
135/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
136/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
137/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
138/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
139/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
140/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
141/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
142/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
143/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
144/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
145/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
146/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
147/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
148/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
149/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
150/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
151/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
152/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
153/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
154/8 Administered by AFRINIC 1993-05 whois.afrinic.net LEGACY
155/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
156/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
157/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
158/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
159/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
160/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
161/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
162/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
163/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
164/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
165/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
166/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
167/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
168/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
169/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [7]
170/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY
171/8 Administered by APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net LEGACY
172/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [8]
173/8 ARIN 2008-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
174/8 ARIN 2008-02 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
175/8 APNIC 2009-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
176/8 RIPE NCC 2010-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
177/8 LACNIC 2010-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
178/8 RIPE NCC 2009-01 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
179/8 LACNIC 2011-02 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
180/8 APNIC 2009-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
181/8 LACNIC 2010-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
182/8 APNIC 2009-08 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
183/8 APNIC 2009-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
184/8 ARIN 2008-12 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
185/8 RIPE NCC 2011-02 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
186/8 LACNIC 2007-09 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
187/8 LACNIC 2007-09 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
188/8 Administered by RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net LEGACY
189/8 LACNIC 1995-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
190/8 LACNIC 1995-06 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
191/8 Administered by LACNIC 1993-05 whois.lacnic.net LEGACY
192/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [9][10]
193/8 RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
194/8 RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
195/8 RIPE NCC 1993-05 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
196/8 Administered by AFRINIC 1993-05 whois.afrinic.net LEGACY
197/8 AFRINIC 2008-10 whois.afrinic.net ALLOCATED
198/8 Administered by ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net LEGACY [11]
199/8 ARIN 1993-05 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
200/8 LACNIC 2002-11 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
201/8 LACNIC 2003-04 whois.lacnic.net ALLOCATED
202/8 APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
203/8 APNIC 1993-05 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED [12]
204/8 ARIN 1994-03 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
205/8 ARIN 1994-03 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
206/8 ARIN 1995-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
207/8 ARIN 1995-11 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
208/8 ARIN 1996-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
209/8 ARIN 1996-06 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
210/8 APNIC 1996-06 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
211/8 APNIC 1996-06 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
212/8 RIPE NCC 1997-10 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
213/8 RIPE NCC 1993-10 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
214/8 US-DOD 1998-03 LEGACY
215/8 US-DOD 1998-03 LEGACY
216/8 ARIN 1998-04 whois.arin.net ALLOCATED
217/8 RIPE NCC 2000-06 whois.ripe.net ALLOCATED
218/8 APNIC 2000-12 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
219/8 APNIC 2001-09 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
220/8 APNIC 2001-12 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
221/8 APNIC 2002-07 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
222/8 APNIC 2003-02 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
223/8 APNIC 2010-04 whois.apnic.net ALLOCATED
224/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
225/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
226/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
227/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
228/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
229/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
230/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
231/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
232/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
233/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
234/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13][14]
235/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
236/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
237/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
238/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13]
239/8 Multicast 1981-09 RESERVED [13][15]
240/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
241/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
242/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
243/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
244/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
245/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
246/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
247/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
248/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
249/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
250/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
251/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
252/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
253/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
254/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16]
255/8 Future use 1981-09 RESERVED [16][17]

Footnotes

[1]
Indicates the status of address blocks as follows:
RESERVED: designated by the IETF for specific non-global-unicast purposes as noted.
LEGACY: allocated by the central Internet Registry (IR) prior to the Regional Internet Registries
(RIRs). This address space is now administered by individual RIRs as noted, including maintenance
of WHOIS Directory and reverse DNS records. Assignments from these blocks are distributed globally
on a regional basis.
ALLOCATED: delegated entirely to specific RIR as indicated.
UNALLOCATED: not yet allocated or reserved.
[2]
0.0.0.0/8 reserved for self-identification [RFC1122], section 3.2.1.3. 
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[3]
Reserved for Private-Use Networks [RFC1918].
Complete registration details for 10.0.0.0/8 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[4]
This was reserved for Public Data Networks [RFC1356]. See [IANA registry public-data-network-numbers].
It was recovered in February 2008 and was subsequently allocated to APNIC in April 2010.
[5]
100.64.0.0/10 reserved for Shared Address Space [RFC6598]. 
Complete registration details for 100.64.0.0/10 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[6]
127.0.0.0/8 reserved for Loopback [RFC1122], section 3.2.1.3. 
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[7]
169.254.0.0/16 reserved for Link Local [RFC3927].
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[8]
172.16.0.0/12 reserved for Private-Use Networks [RFC1918]. 
Complete registration details are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[9]
192.0.2.0/24  reserved for TEST-NET-1 [RFC5737]. 
Complete registration details for 192.0.2.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
192.88.99.0/24 reserved for 6to4 Relay Anycast [RFC3068]
Complete registration details for 192.88.99.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
192.88.99.2/32 reserved for 6a44 Relay Anycast [RFC6751] (possibly collocated with 6to4 Relay 
at 192.88.99.1/32 - see [RFC3068] section 2.4)
192.168.0.0/16 reserved for Private-Use Networks [RFC1918]. 
Complete registration details for 192.168.0.0/16 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[10]
192.0.0.0/24 reserved for IANA IPv4 Special Purpose Address Registry [RFC5736]. 
Complete registration details for 192.0.0.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[11]
198.18.0.0/15 reserved for Network Interconnect Device Benchmark Testing [RFC2544]. 
Complete registration details for 198.18.0.0/15 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
198.51.100.0/24 reserved for TEST-NET-2 [RFC5737]. 
Complete registration details for 198.51.100.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[12]
203.0.113.0/24 reserved for TEST-NET-3 [RFC5737]. 
Complete registration details for 203.0.113.0/24 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[13]
Multicast (formerly "Class D") [RFC5771] registered in [IANA registry multicast-addresses]
[14]
Unicast-Prefix-Based IPv4 Multicast Addresses [RFC6034]
[15]
Administratively Scoped IP Multicast [RFC2365]
[16]
Reserved for future use (formerly "Class E") [RFC1112].
Reserved by protocol. For authoritative registration, see [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].
[17]
255.255.255.255 is reserved for "limited broadcast" destination address [RFC919] and [RFC922].
Complete registration details for 255.255.255.255/32 are found in [IANA registry iana-ipv4-special-registry].

相关资源:

 

IANA IPv4 专用地址注册表

IANA IPv4 Special-Purpose Address Registry

Created
2009-08-19

Last Updated
2013-03-03

This registry is also available in plain text.

Registry included below

* IANA IPv4 Special Purpose Address Registry

IANA IPv4 Special Purpose Address Registry

Registration Procedure(s)

IETF Review

Reference
[RFC5736][RFC-bonica-special-purpose-07]

Note

The IETF has reserved the address block of 192.0.0.0/24 for use for
special purposes relating to protocol assignments. This registry
contains the current assignments made by the IETF from this address
block.

Address prefixes listed in the Special Purpose Address Registry are
not guaranteed routability in any particular local or global context.

Address   Block Name RFC Allocation Date
0.0.0.0/8 “This” Network [RFC1122], section 3.2.1.3 1981-09
10.0.0.0/8 Private-Use [RFC1918] 1996-02
100.64.0.0/10 Shared   Address Space [RFC6598] 2012-04
127.0.0.0/8 Loopback [RFC1122], section 3.2.1.3 1981-09
169.254.0.0/16 Link   Local [RFC3927] 2005-05
172.16.0.0/12 Private-Use [RFC1918] 1996-02
192.0.0.0/24[2] IETF Protocol Assignments [RFC-bonica-special-purpose-07],   section 2.1 2010-01
192.0.0.0/29 DS-Lite [RFC6333] 2011-06
192.0.2.0/24 Documentation   (TEST-NET-1) [RFC5737] 2010-01
192.88.99.0/24 6to4   Relay Anycast [RFC3068] 2001-06
192.168.0.0/16 Private-Use [RFC1918] 1996-02
198.18.0.0/15 Benchmarking [RFC2544] 1999-03
198.51.100.0/24 Documentation   (TEST-NET-2) [RFC5737] 2010-01
203.0.113.0/24 Documentation   (TEST-NET-3) [RFC5737] 2010-01
240.0.0.0/4 Reserved [RFC1112], section 4 1989-08
255.255.255.255/32 Limited   Broadcast [RFC919], section 7 1984-10

Footnotes

[1] Several protocols have been granted exceptions to this rule.  For
examples, see [RFC4379] and [RFC5884].
[2] Not useable unless by virtue of a more specific reservation.

用shazam 听歌找歌 听歌识别歌曲

看到一个视频的配乐, 很好听. 听歌词查了好久, 但还是不知道歌曲名字.

最后在wp手机上安装了shazam(音乐雷达), 真心的好使! 查到演唱者和歌名再搜就好找多了!

nuoji82881309442884

shazam(音乐雷达) 简介:

突然出现悦己心神的音乐作品。而自己又不知道是什么音乐时,Shazam就能告诉玩家音乐信息,当然玩家需要让Shazam也听10秒钟。是的Shazam就是如此神奇!

1P0233V8_16

 

P.S. 奉上找的那首音乐

Yuna – Lullabies  (adventure club remix)

 

IP-BGP 以及 BGP Monitoring / BGP 监测

IP-BGP

Introduction

A couple services have been established for mapping IP numbers to BGP prefixes and ASNs:

  • Whois (TCP 43)
  • DNS (UDP 53)

Three modes are supported origin, peer, and prefix.  The data returned is basically the same except that the peer mode also lists the BGP peers for the ASN.

The data to support these services are collected from the following sources:

Whois

The whois interface is used as follows:

Whois/Origin

 
$ whois -h asn.shadowserver.org origin 17.112.152.32
714 | 17.112.0.0/16 | APPLE-ENGINEERING | US | APPLE.COM | APPLE COMPUTER INC

The output is as follows

ASN | Prefix        | AS Name           | CN | Domain    | ISP

Whois/Peer

Using the peer mode is very similar:

$ whois -h asn.shadowserver.org peer 17.112.152.32
3356 7018 | 714 | 17.112.0.0/16 | APPLE-ENGINEERING | US | APPLE.COM | APPLE COMPUTER INC

The output is as follows

Peer(s)   | ASN | Prefix        | AS Name           | CN | Domain    | ISP

A more verbose mode is also available:

$ whois -h asn.shadowserver.org peer 4.5.6.4 verbose
 3356 | 4.0.0.0/9 | LEVEL3 | US | DSL-VERIZON.NET | GTE.NET LLC

  209    ASN-QWEST             Qwest
  293    ESNET                 Energy Sciences Network
  701    UUNET                 MCI Communications Services, Inc. d/b/a Verizon Business
  702    AS702                 Verizon Business EMEA - Commercial IP service provider in Europe
  1239   SPRINTLINK            Sprint
  1668   AOL-ATDN              AOL Transit Data Network
  2497   JPNIC-ASBLOCK         AP JPNIC
  2828   XO-AS15               XO Communications
  2914   NTT-COMMUNICATIONS-2  NTT America, Inc.
  3257   TISCALI               BACKBONE Tiscali Intl Network BV
  3303   SWISSCOM              Swisscom Solutions Ltd
  3333   RIPE-NCC              AS RIPE Network Coordination Centre
  3356   LEVEL3                Level 3 Communications
  3549   GBLX                  Global Crossing Ltd.
  3561   SAVVIS                Savvis
  4513   Globix                Corporation
  4637   REACH                 Reach Network Border AS
  5459   LINX                  AS London Internet Exchange Ltd.
  5511   OPENTRANSIT           France Telecom
  6079   RCN-AS                RCN Corporation
  6395   BROADWING             Broadwing Communications Services, Inc.
  6453   GLOBEINTERNET         VSNL International
  6461   MFNX                  MFN - Metromedia Fiber Network
  7018   ATT-INTERNET4         AT&T WorldNet Services
  8075   MICROSOFT-CORP---MSN  Microsoft Corp
  12956  TELEFONICA            Telefonica Backbone Autonomous System

Whois/Prefix

 
$ whois -h asn.shadowserver.org prefix 8075
64.4.0.0/18                                                           
65.54.8.0/22                                                          
65.54.48.0/20                                                         
65.54.74.0/23                                                         
65.54.80.0/23                                                         
65.54.83.0/24                                                         
65.54.86.0/23                                                         
65.54.92.0/23                                                         
65.54.94.0/23                                                         
65.54.96.0/20                                                         
65.54.120.0/21                                                        
65.54.128.0/19        
<<CHOPPED>>

Whois Batch Mode

The Whois server also supports batch mode where a list of IP addresses can be handled.  For example:

begin origin
4.5.4.3
17.112.152.32
208.77.188.166
end

Use netcat, telnet, or perl to send your list to the whois server:

$ netcat asn.shadowserver.org 43 < /tmp/list
3356 | 4.0.0.0/9 | LEVEL3 | US | DSL-VERIZON.NET | GTE.NET LLC
714 | 17.112.0.0/16 | APPLE-ENGINEERING | US | APPLE.COM | APPLE COMPUTER INC
40528 | 208.77.188.0/22 | ICANN-LAX | - | - | -

DNS

The format for a DNS based origin lookup is:

$ dig +short 32.152.112.17.origin.asn.shadowserver.org TXT
"714" "|" "17.112.0.0/16" "|" "APPLE-ENGINEERING" "|" "US" "|" "APPLE.COM" "|" "APPLE" "COMPUTER" "INC"

And the format for a ”peer’ lookup is:

$ dig +short 32.152.112.17.peer.asn.shadowserver.org TXT
"3356" "7018" "|" "714" "|" "17.112.0.0/16" "|" "APPLE-ENGINEERING" "|" "US" "|" "APPLE.COM" "|" "APPLE" "COMPUTER" "INC"

http://www.shadowserver.org/wiki/pmwiki.php/Services/IP-BGP

Shadowserver

Other Res :  BGP Monitoring   http://www.team-cymru.org/Monitoring/BGP/

Team Cymru